As per Article 311 of the Constitution of India, Disciplinary Authority for
imposing capital punishment should not be lower than the Appointing Authority.
Since all capital punishments leading to cessation of service are classified under
major penalties, it automatically follows that for imposing any major penalty, the
Disciplinary Authority should not be lower in rank than the Appointing Authority.
Though this principle is followed in the Government and various other
Organisations, including the State Bank of India, in nationalized Banks it is not
No Authority lower in rank to the Appointing Authority should be competent to
award major penalty.